'''Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell''',
(; 18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, mathematical logic|logician
, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic
, political activist and Nobel laureate.
[Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/russell/ "Bertrand Russell"], 1 May 2003]
At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist
, but he also admitted that he had "never been any of these things, in any profound sense".
He was born in Monmouthshire (historic)|Monmouthshire
into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|United Kingdom
In the early 20th century, Russell led the British "revolt against British Idealism|idealism
[Russell and G. E. Moore broke themselves free from British... ]